What is Static Software Testing?

When people think of software testing they are usually referring to the execution of a program in order to detect the presence of defects. This type of testing, that executes a piece of code which could be a program or a smaller component, is more formally referred to as dynamic testing. Dynamic testing can be performed either manually or automatically (via an automated testing tool) but it is always characterized by the execution of code.

The compliment of dynamic software testing is static software testing. Static testing refers to code walkthroughs, inspections and any review of software that does not require the actual execution of the code itself. Some web references identify this type of testing as ‘inspections and walkthroughs’, thereby leaving the general term software testing to any activity that involves code execution.

Although, in essence, a question of semantics it is useful to divide all testing activities into two broad  inspection software testing categories as these activities (that is dynamic and static) form a comprehensive quality control strategy for the entire software project.

In order to allow for broad software quality control, within the typical software development lifecycle (SDLC), all project work items need to be subjected to static testing. This means that business requirements, technical specifications and even test plans themselves are the subject of static testing (i.e. inspections or walkthroughs).

Subjecting all major project work items to static testing implies that the term ‘software’ (within the broader term static software testing) refers to all project work items. Although this definition (for static testing) is broader than the scope of the term software in dynamic software testing, this scope implies that all quality control of a software project can be accomplished by either static or dynamic testing.

Just as dynamic testing can be automated there are certain static tests that can also be automated. One example of an automated static software testing tool would be a tool that measures the complexity of the code within a given program. To measure code complexity the program (being tested) does not need to be executed but the measurement can be taken using a software tool. Also the structure, paragraphs used etc, of business requirements or specifications can be verified using a parsing tool so that conformance to standards can be verified (i.e. tested).

In general, the static testing of work items (such as business requirements) implies a standard or format that can be used for reference. Many companies have procedures that facilitate a process for verifying that a given work item conforms to standards. This type of static testing (i.e. standards verification) would be documented and scheduled within the project software quality control plan.

Given the categorization of all software testing into either static or dynamic groupings a comprehensive software quality control plan can be produced at the beginning of the project and referenced to monitor and control the software delivery throughout the complete SDLC (starting with the business requirements).


Identifying Difficult People Through BaZi Profiling

In last week’s article, I talked about how a person’s BaZi (Four Pillars of Destiny) can be used to categorise them into one of five basic BaZi Profile types: Wealth, Influence, Output, Resource and Companion.

These profiles are derived by using a BaZi technique called Structures. I also shared with you the various characteristics, traits and types of each profile and I hope you’ve managed to road-test my BaZi Profiler on my website.

This week, I want to share with you some insight into handling each of these five profile types,  astrazion  but within the context of extreme versions of each type.

When a person manifests an extreme version of their BaZi Profile type (an occurrence caused by an imbalance in the elements in the BaZi chart), they become very challenging to handle.

They become those difficult clients or customers, staff, bosses and shareholders: “the Difficult Ones”. Difficult people are an inevitability in the world of business. So figuring out how to effectively handle these people is important.

Here is where BaZi Profiling is useful. By determining which type of extreme profile type a difficult person possesses, you not only can determine which individuals are likely to be difficult people, but you can determine HOW that difficult person’s “difficultness” will manifest.

Elemental extremists

From last week’s article, we know that there are five basic BaZi Profiles: Wealth, Influence, Output, Resource and Companion. In certain instances, a basic BaZi Profile becomes an “Extreme” variant.

Here, the negative characteristics of each profile type will manifest more strongly than the positive characteristics. For example, we know that Wealth profile people are responsible, organised and diligent workers.

An Extreme Wealth profile person becomes a control freak, is unable or refuses to delegate and has difficulty letting go. An Extreme Wealth profile employee causes friction in the organisation by over-working and thus putting pressure on staff or co-workers to match his or her level of productivity.

Let’s look at how the “Extreme” variants of each of those profile types would manifest, and how best to deal with these individuals.

For the sake of simplicity, I’m going to refer to the extreme manifestations of each of these five basic profile types as Extreme Wealth, Extreme Influence, Extreme Output, Extreme Resource, and finally, Extreme Companion.

Extreme Wealth profile: Control freaks, poor delegation skills, overly responsible, unable to be a team player. Use intimidation, power play and bully tactics to get their way. Highly judgemental and often hold others to their own standards, which are usually absurdly high. Extreme perfectionists.

Extreme Output profile: Know-it-alls, highly critical, poor receptiveness to suggestions, big-picture types, blunt and forceful, egotistical, superiority/God complex. Exhibit a strong preference for the new and the untested, keen to try out unconventional approaches or tactics. Extreme contrarian approach. Lone rangers.

Extreme Resource profile: Procrastinators, over-thinkers, pedantic, circuitous thinking or approach, unable to commit or make a “big decision”, complainers, people who refuse responsibility, don’t step up to the plate and look to hide their mistakes. Poor focus, diffuse thinking and lack guts. Forgetful, prone to losing important documents and glossing over details.

Extreme Companion profile: Too nice, and so get nothing done because they can’t get anyone to do anything. Poor tolerance for conflict. Bland and lacking in any opinion or thoughts. Yes-men, even when they can’t deliver. Never lead, prefer to follow. Sneaky as they tend to complain behind your back. Poor decision-making skills. Lack guts and fearful of offending people.

What I’ve outlined above are the broad strokes of each Extreme variant of the five basic profiles. The power dynamics of your relationship with this Difficult Person will typically yield a more precise insight into how their “difficultness” will manifest.

For example, an Extreme Wealth profile superior will have difficulty delegating and may micro-manage to an excessive level. An Extreme Wealth client would be extremely focused on wringing out as much benefits as possible for the lowest cost (an extreme manifestation of responsible financial attitudes) while demanding daily update reports on what is going on with their project or job.

Next time: how to deal with each type of Extreme profile’s “difficultness”.

To find your BaZi Profile, go to and try out our BaZi Profiler.

This article appeared in The Edge Financial Daily, August 30 2010.

Joey Yap’s Profile

Joey Yap is the founder of the Joey Yap Consulting Group, a global organisation devoted to the teaching of Feng Shui, BaZi, Mian Xiang and other Chinese Metaphysics subjects. He is also the Chief Consultant of Yap Global Consulting, an international consulting firm specialising in Feng Shui and Chinese Astrology services and audits.

He is also the best selling author of over 60 books on Feng Shui, Chinese Astrology, Face Reading and Yi Jing, many of which have topped the Malaysian and Singaporean MPH bookstores’ bestseller lists.



What Is BaZi and How It Works on Improving Relationships

Previously, I talked about how Feng Shui can be used to help improve relationships and also about the meaning of ‘relationship’ in classical Feng Shui. Feng Shui certainly can bring about positive effects for individuals facing problems with relationships.

But it is important to remember that classical Feng Shui is not just about improving one’s love life, nor is it ‘love voodoo’ that can be used to make someone fall in love with another person. It is about improving your interactions with people in general, so as to help overcome problems such as back-stabbing, lack of support at work, hostility in a business  エイジングケアアカデミー  or personal relationship, enabling an amicable ending to a personal or business relationship and also, to smoothen out dealings with people around you.

So, let’s look at some simple methods to help improve your personal relationships with those around you, through Feng Shui. I will also talk about how your BaZi can help shed light on relationship-related issues.

Tapping into Yan Nian

One of the easiest techniques that almost anyone can use to help improve their personal relationship is tapping into the Yan Nian direction. If you will remember from last week’s article, Yan Nian is the direction derived from the transformation of the BaGua and the Early Heaven Combination of Ten. Yan Nian is the direction where Yin and Yang Qi are perfectly balanced, thus, creating ideal energies for developing healthy, positive people-to-people relationships and also, to calm emotions and bring balance.

We all have a personal Yan Nian direction and it is derived based on the person’s Life Gua. So for example, if you are Li Gua, then your Yan Nian direction is North. If you are Gen Gua, then your Yan Nian direction is West.

Once you have determined your personal Yan Nian direction, tap into the Qi in this direction. If you are facing relationship problems at work with colleagues or superiors, try locating your work desk to face this direction. If it is more family or personal relationships that you are having trouble with, then try to adjust the direction of your bed so that your head sleeps pointing in the direction of Yan Nian.

If you find that you cannot align your bed in the direction of Yan Nian or you cannot change the position of your desk, then see if you can make use of the Yan Nian sector of your house. To find the Yan Nian sector of your house, you will need to first know the Facing Direction of the house. Once you have ascertained the Facing Direction of your house, find the Qi map that corresponds to your house.

To help improve and enhance your personal relationships, use the particular room for reading, working, as a bedroom or just try to spend more time in this sector. Remember, in Feng Shui, we do not always need to ‘put’ objects nor do we always have to think about ‘activating’ the Qi. Being in the room and spending time in the room, where there is positive Qi or the kind of Qi we want to make use of is also a means in which to make use of Feng Shui.

For those of you with some familiarity of Flying Stars, the Annual Star #4 can also be used to help foster and improve relationships. For the year 2006, the #4 star is in the NW sector. In 2007, it flies into the W sector and in 2008, it can be found in the NE sector.

Now, you might be wondering at this point, how does facing a certain direction or sleeping with your head towards a certain direction help with relationships?

Direction is one of the primary methods used in Feng Shui to tune into a particular type of Qi, whether it is the person that is trying to tune into that type of energy, of the property. This is because different types of Qi reside at different locations so by being at the location or facing that direction, we are trying to tap that particular type of energy. That is why you find that in Feng Shui, the orientation of the property is of paramount importance. Similarly, when an individual is trying to make use of certain energies, they do so by either being in a particular location in the house, or by sleeping in or facing that direction.

You might also be wondering why Feng Shui practitioners frequently make reference to sleeping in a particular location (for example, a South room) or sleeping with your head facing a particular direction. It’s quite simple – most people spend between 8-12 hours sleeping and resting. So it makes sense to make use of that time to tap into useful and helpful energies. Otherwise, those 8-12 hours are literally just spent sleeping!

The Peach Blossom Factor

Now, whenever the subject of relationships is discussed, ‘Peach Blossom’ always crops up. Almost everyone out there knows about or has heard about ‘Peach Blossom’ (Tao Hua). It has to its great misfortune, acquired a rather needlessly scandalous reputation. If some of the things written about Peach Blossom are to be believed, it is the reason for husbands straying, and also the sole saviour of single women out there! So let’s understand what exactly Peach Blossom is and how it relates to relationships.

The term ‘peach blossom’ comes from Chinese imagery and poetry, which associates the ‘peach blossom’ flower with love and romance. So when the Chinese people say, a person is going through ‘Peach Blossom Luck’, it is a short form way of saying, they are having a lot of luck with the opposite sex.

In both Feng Shui and BaZi, ‘Peach Blossom’ is a type of star. Sometimes, if for some reason, the Yan Nian sector, or the #4 star is not usable in a house, then the Feng Shui consultant may suggest the use of Water to activate the Peach Blossom star direction for that property. The mis-interpretation of this technique is probably what led to the misguided ‘vase with flowers’ technique for enhancing one’s love life luck. It is not the vase, or the flowers, but the Water and Wood element that is doing the work.

This technique is not always recommended because using the Peach Blossom star direction of the house triggers Peach Blossom for every resident in the house, and not just the person who needed the help. Also, if too much Water is used, Peach Blossom Sha may become the problem, and Peach Blossom creates hassles rather than brings about positive effects.

The Code of Attraction

In the study of BaZi, there is also a Peach Blossom star. How does this star manifest? Well, I’m sure you know of some people who naturally enjoy good personal relationships with people. Someone who is very ‘smooth’, has that magic touch when it comes to dealing with people. These are people who no one says a bad word about and who could probably charm the birds from the trees! They have a way of calming angry people, soothing the upset and irate and can make people feel at ease with them. And generally, these people also enjoy particularly good relationships with the opposite sex. They are not always handsome or good-looking mind you but somehow, they have a certain attraction factor, a certain magnetism.

These are people who usually have Peach Blossom stars in their personal BaZi chart. Politicians, rock stars, actors and individuals in the public eye will usually need to have a little Peach Blossom in their BaZi to help them with their endeavours.

A person with Peach Blossom in their personal BaZi chart tends to easily attract attention from the opposite sex and have a way with people, including the opposite sex. Now, romance of course, probably comes a bit easier to these people because people naturally are attracted to them. But, that does not mean that they always attract the people that they actually like or also attracted to! Sometimes, the feeling is not mutual! Also, too much Peach Blossom in a BaZi chart is also unfavourable – it leads to Peach Blossom hassles.

If you have a Peach Blossom star in your BaZi, then you probably don’t need to use Feng Shui to enhance your appeal. However, if you don’t have a Peach Blossom star in your BaZi and you are having relationship problems, whether at work or in your personal life, then it might be an idea to look to tap into Yan Nian, to help smoothen and build the relationships.

These are of course quite simple and elementary techniques you can make use of to improve relationships but also, understand where your relationship issues may be. But at the end of the day, too much or too little attraction should never be the issue. Being attractive is just one part of the equation when it comes to relationships. Building and managing your relationship is just as important. And that isn’t about Feng Shui or BaZi, but about you.

Joey Yap is the founder of the Mastery Academy of Chinese Metaphysics, a global organization devoted to the teaching of Feng Shui, BaZi, Face Reading and other Chinese Metaphysics subjects. Courses on what is Bazi can be found on

Find books and learn Feng Shui, Chinese Astrology, Face Reading and many of which have topped the Malaysian and Singaporean MPH bookstores’ bestseller lists. Check out his books here.


Bazi Drink With Jujube – A Sports Nutrition Breakthrough

World class athletes in all sports are always on the lookout for the “tool” to provide them a way to triumph over rivals. Increasing numbers of them are now relying on the Bazi drink to fill the need. Why Bazi? Premier athletes demand the most powerful and innovative coaching systems and exercise regimens to stay at the very peak of their game. Smart ones also seek out needed nutrition and supplementation to give them the ability to perform at their best. To answer this growing market, a wide variety of companies have invented a wide variety of nutritional products, supplements, and sports drinks.  ナールスコム  Vitamins, minerals, antioxidants, energy drinks, you name it – there’s no end to the products which promise to legally boost an athlete’s energy by keeping his or her body in supreme working condition. But few of them can compare to the Bazi drink when it comes to benefits delivered.

Now, don’t misunderstand–there are a ton of good products in existence, and many of them can have real benefits. Proper nutrition is required for peak athletic performance. Lacking the supply of the proper nutrients, the body is unable to work at maximum efficiency, and it can’t recuperate as quickly from the stress that a physically taxing workout or athletic performance puts on an someone’s system. And many of these products will meet a single specific need. Unfortunately, few of them can help in many different areas. And the athlete or health conscious individual winds up forking over quite a bit of money and taking a huge amount of assorted supplements in order to get the required vitamins, minerals, antioxidants, etc. But not with Bazi.

It’s a unique formula specifically created to be a total supplement. What is Bazi? Bazi is a Chinese term meaning “eight characters”. The Chinese word was picked to reflect the fact that the Bazi drink has an interactive formulation of eight of the fruits that nutritionists are most interested in these days – Jujube Fruit, Blueberry, Pomegranate, Goji Berry, Mangosteen, Raspberry, Acai, and Seabuckthorn. These are referred to as the Super Fruits because they are so rich in the nutrients and antioxidants that we are lacking in. Every one of these foods is so healthy, and has so many benefits for the body, that they each deserve their own article. Even alone, just one of these fruits can have powerful effects on someone’s wellness and vitality. Mixing every one of the eight Super Fruits combined complete in one formula, Bazi is supercharged with the antioxidants, minerals and vitamins that everyday people and sports competitors need the most, and in an exact blend.

With the Bazi , someone can experience the exact same benefits (and much more) that they could get with taking many assorted tablets and drinks, in a simple one ounce serving every day. A small one ounce serving of Bazi is all someone needs to help them to perform at his or her best. That’s the reason more than three hundred and fifty premier athletes, like World Series Most Valuable Player Curt Schilling, take Bazi. Expense isn’t a factor with these elite athletes -they can purchase the very best in sports nutrition no matter the cost, and they still prefer the affordable Bazi. If you’re searching for that competitive edge, or simply desire to enjoy the best well being you can, listen to the ones who know – premier athletes. Choose Bazi!

Gene Stewart AP is a Doctor of Acupuncture and Oriental Medicine specializing in anti aging, nutritional and functional medicine. He practices in the Orlando Florida area. More information on the benefits of jujube and Bazi can be found



Connecting Feng Shui, BaZi Astrology and Face Reading

My earliest exposure to the field of Chinese Metaphysics came many years ago when I was in Hong Kong. I turned on the television and chanced upon a talk show, which featured a well-known Hong Kong Feng Shui master. The gentleman had been invited to the talk show to demonstrate his face-reading skills. Members of the audience were picked randomly and invited up onto the stage, where the Master would promptly read their faces, tell them about themselves, just by looking at their faces.

Face reading, aside from its obvious practical advantages it offers in business and daily dealings,  github is considered an important complementary discipline for Feng Shui practitioners. A handy back-up skill as it were that helps a Feng Shui consultant practice more effectively and efficiently.

Originally, Mian Xiang or Face Reading was developed for medical purposes. The famous Chinese medical text, the Yellow Emperor Classics, contains many references on how to make use of facial features to ascertain medical problems. Later on, the basic principles of Face Reading were extended beyond medical diagnosis, to support Destiny Analysis. Imperial advisors would use it often to vet candidates for Imperial positions. You see, in the olden days, a person didn’t submit his CV for an imperial position – instead he would submit his BaZi or Destiny Code.

Now, occasionally, a candidate might attempt to submit a false BaZi to improve his chances of securing a position on the Imperial payroll, which in those days, was a very desired job posting, since a person was more or less assured of what the Chinese call an ‘iron rice bowl’. So, the Imperial advisors would use Mian Xiang to confirm the BaZi, and make sure the candidate did actually have the skills he professed to have.

If you have been reading my past articles, most of you would probably be familiar with how BaZi and Feng Shui work together. As I have indicated in the past, a complete Feng Shui consultation usually involves the use of BaZi, which is a person’s Destiny Code, to determine the nature of the problem faced by the person at that particular point in time. The Feng Shui consultant then uses Feng Shui as a prescription, to help resolve or alleviate the problem, diagnosed using the help of the person’s Destiny Code.

However, there are some occasions where a person’s Destiny Code is not available or the client asks something on the spot, during the consultation, and the BaZi chart is not available. In such cases, a Feng Shui consultant who has studied face reading, can use Mian Xiang or Face Reading, as a back-up discipline to see where the client’s problems are, or what challenges he is facing at that particular point in time. This is because Mian Xiang represents what we call Later Heaven Luck – it tells us about the present, the outcome of current events as a result of the present state of mind, beliefs, character and virtues.

By examining Qi colour on the face, and the specific age point co-relating to the client’s age, and looking at the contours and features on the face at that particular age point, the consultant can get a concise snapshot of the person’s state of health or luck at that point in time. A person’s face, almost always will confirm, what is in his/her BaZi generally. So for example, if a person has a problem with holding on to money in his/her BaZi, what we call a Rob Wealth (Jie Cai) problem in BaZi consultant terminology, this will invariably show on his/her face, in the form of very thick eyebrows.

A case of Prevention is better than Cure

A good illustration of how useful Mian Xiang is, when combined with BaZi and Feng Shui is when it comes to a person’s health. I remember a client from a few years back, who had engaged me to audit his house, which was being built at the time.

The client met us at my office to show us the way to his property. When the client sat down in my office to show me the plans of the house, something on his face drew my attention: he had a distinct line crossing the lobe of both his ears (see attached diagram). In the study of Mian Xiang, this is usually one indication that the person has a risk of developing heart-related problems. I double-checked my concern by looking at his eyes. There was a distinct blue ring around the pupil of his eyes, another clear indication of heart-related problems.

Now, often, a conclusion derived from one discipline, such as Mian Xiang, will be supported and confirmed through another discipline, like Feng Shui or BaZi. So, we proceeded to the gentleman’s house.

The house was in the process of being constructed at the time but it was enough for me to ascertain where his Main Door would be located and the facing of this property. I also noticed that he had a lamp post directly in the part of his Main Door, a formation known in Feng Shui as Piercing Heart Sha. This is definitely an unfavourable formation to have at the Main Door. As you will recall, the Main Door is one of the three important factors that must always be considered when we are looking at the Feng Shui of a property. When the Main Door is affected, the Qi that enters the property is blocked or is transformed into negative or Sha Qi.

A simple check of the directions with the Luo Pan revealed that the lamp post was located in the South sector of his house. Now, the South sector of a property is governed by the Gua known as Li Gua. Li Gua, amongst other things, represents the eyes and the heart. Now, I think most people can pretty much figure out what it means if you have Piercing Heart Sha, located in the sector that is governed by the Gua that represents the heart and the eyes. Hence, it matched my initial concern from what I had seen on the client’s face, i.e. he may have a heart-related problem, especially if he were to also move into the house he was building with the environmental feature located where it was.

So what then was the outcome you might be thinking? How does the story end? Positively, I’m pleased to say! The client decided, that since he hadn’t been for a medical check up in a while, he would go for a thorough one. He also, decided to change the design of the house to move the location of the Main Door, which was not too difficult to rectify since the house had not been finished yet and he could still make changes to the design.

When I checked the gentleman’s BaZi, it revealed a clash between the Zi (Rat) and Wu (Horse), known in BaZi terminology as Shui Huo Xiang Cong or Fire and Water Clash. This is an explosive clash of the Fire and Water elements and is an indication of a heart problem also.

What the face and the BaZi reveals in this case is an area that is a cause for concern, but more importantly, action. Hence, I have always emphasised the importance of taking the right action, once you have been alerted to a potential problem.

I recently saw my client again, on a different matter, and I noticed that the lines on his earlobe had diminished significantly. He told me that since then, he has also been trying to eat better and had been exercising more, as the medical check-up revealed some problems which if he did not change his lifestyle, could lead to heart problems.

Now, it’s not absolutely essential that your Feng Shui practitioner know Mian Xiang or practice it as a complementary discipline to his Feng Shui practice, but as you can see from this little story, it is a very helpful back-up discipline to have, as it helps the Feng Shui practitioner fine-tune and focus his efforts. By combining his knowledge of BaZi with Mian Xiang, a Feng Shui practitioner can zero in on not just long-term problems, but also short-term and more immediate, pressing issues at hand, such as health concerns.

Joey Yap is the founder of the Mastery Academy of Chinese Metaphysics, a global organization devoted to the teaching of Feng Shui, BaZi, Face Reading and other Chinese Metaphysics subjects via classrooms and online courses. Courses on what is Feng Shui can be found on

Find books and learn Feng Shui online, Chinese Astrology, Face Reading and many of which have topped the Malaysian and Singaporean MPH bookstores’ bestseller lists. Home study courses are also available here.


The Crocodile Hunter Decoded With Bazi Analysis

Like many people, I was surprised and saddened by the sudden death of Steve Irwin, the famous ‘Crocodile Hunter’. I was teaching a BaZi class in Singapore when I received an SMS during the tea break about the tragic event. Many people in the class also got the same news and students began bombarding me with questions about Steve Irwin’s BaZi.

So, in today’s article, I will talk about why Steve Irwin was who he was: the Crocodile Hunter that entertained so many people and was beloved by kids everywhere.  yoganowe.mystrikingly  While I do not have his actual time of birth, based on his life and the types of BaZi structures described in the classical text Yuan Hai Zi Peng, I believe his hour of birth may well be the Dragon Hour (7am-9am). However, I will discuss his chart without reference to the hour.

The Consummate Performer

Steve Irwin’s Day Master is Xin Metal. Xin Metal is jewelry metal or small metal – or we may picture this element with your Cartier rings, your Swiss Army knives or your luxury watches. It is beautiful, elegant, and to be admired. People with Xin Metal Day Masters love attention and the limelight, besides being passionate in their work. Hence, Irwin was destined to be an entertainer or a showman – be it feeding crocodiles at Australia Zoo, or taking us on crazy nature expeditions, courtesy of Animal Planet.

In his Month Stem and Year Stem, there is Ren Water. In BaZi, Ren Water is the Hurting Officer star (Shang Guan) of Xin Metal. This is an excellent formation as the Xin Metal needs to be washed by the Ren Water in order to be polished, shiny and beautiful. If Steve Irwin was indeed born at Dragon Hour, as I believe, then his chart will have a special formation of Xin Metal with Triple Ren Water. This special formation belongs to individuals with outstanding performance skills. In the old days, this kind of BaZi belonged to opera singers – consummate performers.

So why did Steve Irwin become the Crocodile Hunter and not the Possum Catcher or ‘Roo Hunter’? Why was he attracted to crocodiles? In BaZi, Jia Wood also can refer to ‘armour’. The crocodile is a creature with an armour. As for the penchant for handling snakes, Si (Snake), Yin (Tiger) and Shen (Monkey), along with Hai (Pig) are part of the same group of Earthly Branches. Also, Wood is very strong in this chart as there is the Tiger and Rabbit present, which is 2 out of 3 of the Branches from the season of Spring, when Wood is strongest. If Irwin is born in the Dragon Hour, then he has the entire Directional Combination for the season of Wood. Hence, he is attracted to matters of nature.

Some BaZi analysts have argued that Irwin’s chart is a formation known as Follow the Leader. This is questionable. Firstly, if that was the case, that Irwin would have hated his job. And I think it is obvious to anyone who has seen his show that he loved what he did and was extremely passionate about crocodiles and snakes and nature. Secondly, a Follow the Leader formation always manifests as a person doing something which they do not like to do but have to do as they have to conform to the strongest element. Also, if the chart is really a Follow the Leader chart, then Irwin would probably have written nature books rather than made documentaries since Wood is the book publishing business in the study of the 5 Elements.

This Xin Metal Day Master is born in the season of Wood. Wood is the Wealth Element of a Xin Metal Day Master. However, the wood inside the Tiger (Yin) is Jia Wood. Jia Wood is strong, solid tree trunks. Now, imagine a small penknife trying to chop down a redwood tree. This Xin Metal Day Master has to work extremely hard for its accomplishments. I don’t think anyone can doubt that wrestling crocodiles, handling poisonous reptiles and picking up snakes is hard or at the very least, extremely difficult work.

‘Crikey’ – he was a genuine naturalist.

In BaZi, Xin Metal is the most talkative of the Day Masters. A good Xin Metal talks a mile to a minute and always has something to say or an opinion to express. This is because Xin Metal loves to produce Water. Hence, the hyperarticulated nature of Steve Irwin. Also, Xin Metal using Hurting Officer denotes going against the order or prevailing status quo of the day. Irwin paved the way for nature documentaries that were energetic and adventurous, and a whole new form of entertainment. His style was unorthodox, vastly different from the prevailing approach to nature documentaries.

Following his fame as the Crocodile Hunter, Irwin established a nature conservation charity, known as Wildlife Warriors. Some newspaper articles I saw seemed to throw doubt on his passion for nature and conservationist intentions. His desire to help conserve the environment is doubtlessly genuine because Wood formation, in the study of the Five Elements, represents benevolence, growth and nurturing and this element is strong in Irwin’s chart. Also, Wealth element is actually negative for this Xin Metal chart because it is very strong, especially if the Dragon Hour is correct. So, establishing a charity and ‘giving’ his money away, was the correct and noble thing to do, in the BaZi context. Also, the strength of the Wood here indicates that Irwin’s motivation is a genuine interest in nature, and not the money.

Wood (both Yi Wood and Jia Wood), besides representing the Wealth Star of Xin Metal, also represents, for a man, the Wife Star. Irwin met his wife during the Luck Pillar of Yi Si (Wood Snake). Yi Wood, which is soft twines and ivy, is much easier to ‘cut’ compared to Jia Wood. Hence, Irwin met his wife during this period in his life. Si (Snake) is a Travelling Star. Within Si (Snake) is Bing Fire. Fire represents the South Direction. How did Irwin meet his wife? When she travelled to Australia from the US! The Yi Wood comes with Bing Fire inside the Snake. Bing Fire represents the Direct Officer star (Guan Xing) for a Xin Metal Day Master and denotes fame and status. Irwin filmed the first episode of Crocodile Hunter during his honeymoon with his wife! From the BaZi, clearly, she was instrumental to his becoming famous!

It was however only in his next Luck Pillar, Bing Wu, that Irwin became truly famous around the world. Firstly, the Wu (Horse) and the Yin (Tiger) form a half Fire combination. Secondly, Fire, to a Xin Metal Day Master, is Officer Luck, and signals fame and glory. As the sun blazes over this Xin Metal, surrounded by the Ren Water, the Xin Metal’s beauty is revealed to the world. Imagine a beautiful ring, glistening and sparkling under the sea water, illuminated by the sun. This is how we can ‘picture’ Steve Irwin’s BaZi during this luck pillar.

The Tragic Event

How do we derive the tragic occurrence of his death from Irwin’s BaZi? Firstly, he had just changed Luck Pillars, into the Luck Pillar of Ding Wei. The Ding combines with all the Ren in his chart, and successfully transforms into Wood. The element most integral to his chart’s success is removed and the element that is most negative to the chart is now enhanced.

The Wei (Goat) combines with the Mao (Rabbit) Branch. In BaZi language, we say the feet of the Day Master is combined away. This indicates movement away from home and negative events happening since Wei and Mao is a half combination that also produces Wood. So the negative element is now appearing in a double whammy formation in the BaZi.

Wei and Mao are two Branches in a Three Harmony Combination and the third animal Branch in the Combination is Hai (Pig). Inside Hai (Pig) is Ren. Ren Water is sea water and the water of great lakes and rivers. As the Hai Mao Wei combination is obviously negative (producing Wood) and the third component to complete the combination is the Hai (Pig), which contains Ren, clearly, any activity involving the sea is potentially dangerous.

Why a sting ray? Because it is a sea creature and all creatures found in the sea are regarded as being associated with Ren Water. Irwin was killed moments after a sting ray barb caught him in the chest and pierced his heart – Ding Fire represents the heart and in this luck Pillar, it is combined away by the Ren. I believe there may have been more than one stingray present during the accident because Ren and Yin (with the Jia inside) strongly suggests at least two creatures.

Finally, there is an Ungrateful Punishment Formation between the Shen (Monkey) in the month and day of the event and the Yin (Tiger). An ungrateful punishment is a relationship between the Earthly Branches and is termed an ‘ungrateful punishment’ because it involves doing good for someone but getting no gratitude in return. Ironically, Irwin was killed by one of the creatures that he had devoted his life to protecting.

In BaZi, a person’s luck continues, even though the person is no longer with us in this world. Steve Irwin’s name, and his contributions to conservation, will live on and be remembered for a long time. This is because the Ding Wei Luck Pillar is still a very strong pillar of Fire, which brings fame and good name to the Xin Metal Day Master. We will not easily forget the Crocodile Hunter, even though he is no longer with us.

Joey Yap is the founder of the Mastery Academy of Chinese Metaphysics, a global organization devoted to the teaching of Feng Shui, BaZi, Face Reading and other Chinese Metaphysics subjects. Courses on what is Bazi can be found on

Find books and learn Feng Shui, Chinese Astrology, Face Reading and many of which have topped the Malaysian and Singaporean MPH bookstores’ bestseller lists. Check out his books here.



Understanding Your Destiny Through

Bazi is one of two systems of Chinese astrology borne of the Chinese’s fascination with the subject of destiny and their desire to understand man’s purpose in life and the path he has to take to fulfill this purpose. Through Ba Zi, a person can be better equipped to navigate his trek through life.

Thousands of years before “Self Help” books weighed down bookstore shelves, the ancient Chinese already devised ways to help man understand and improve himself and appreciate his uniqueness. A person’s Bazi, or Destiny Code,  ホームページ制作 福岡  is a system the Chinese designed to help answer man’s questions about who he is, what his purpose is, and what he must do to get to his destination.

Bazi is short for “Sheng Chn Ba Z,” which translates to “The Eight Characters of Birth Time.” The Chinese phrase is also referred to as the study of the “Four Pillars of Life.” The shortened term, Bazi or “Four Pillars,” refers to the four pairs of characters that make up a person’s birth time: year, month, day, and hour. The four pairs of characters, in turn, make up the eight characters referred to in the translation, “The Eight Characters of Birth Time.”

The eight characters also stand for variations of yin and yang in the Five Elements, namely: yin wood and yang wood; yin fire and yang fire; yin earth and yang earth; yin metal and yang metal; and yin water and yang water. Using the eight characters that make up an individual’s birth time, the elements that prevailed during the time of a person’s birth can be calculated and his Eight Character Bazi chart can be derived. This chart represents a person’s unique Destiny Code, akin to his genetic code but in a metaphysical context, and it provides complete information about an individual’s personality, potential, and destiny. Much like a person’s genetic code, his Eight Character Bazi chart encodes his characteristics, abilities, ordeals, wealth, successes, and other elements of his life.

A Bazi consultant uses the chart to ascertain an individual’s, luck cycle, potential, meaning, and favorable and unfavorable years, among many others. A Bazi consultant uses the chart the same way a geneticist uses the genetic code to find out a person’s many traits and susceptibility to diseases.

Analyzing and understanding the combination of these eight characters also help determine how a person can use and maximize his potential and success, help control emotions, and aid in decision making. Through Bazi, future events can also be calculated and a person can better prepare for them.

Bazi is often used with the practice of feng shui. Bazi and feng shui complement each other. Feng shui masters often use Bazi or another system of Destiny Analysis to aid them in their reading. In fact, understanding a person’s Bazi is an important component and prerequisite of any feng shui reading. Formulating and analyzing a person’s Bazi chart will help a feng shui master determine the particular elements in his life that need improvement, which ones can help maximize his potential, and which ones to eliminate. Feng shui, being a goal-oriented system, involves learning about a person’s specific goals and the obstacles that keep him from reaching those goals. When a person is uncertain about what is keeping him from his goal, his Destiny Code will be used by the feng shui master.

Bazi serves as a map of a person’s personality and life; fengh shui serves as a tool to help one overcome the obstacles along the way. If, for example, your Bazi indicates that you easily get mad and, as a result, you find it difficult to get along with others, a feng shui master will recommend that you wear a certain precious stone to counteract your tendencies towards anger. Once this problem is addressed, you can then focus on fulfilling your potential and goals.

It is important to remember, however, that while feng shui can help an individual manipulate his environment to maximize the benefits of qi that flows all around him towards the attainment of his goals, he must first have the apposite Destiny. In other words, feng shui can help you become a multi-billionaire, but only if becoming one is already encoded in your Destiny Chart and only if the good qi necessary to reach that goal is available for you to tap into.

One must not also forget that feng shui and Ba Zi are merely guides, albeit very useful ones, that can help one’s journey smoother through preparation for all possible outcomes. While a person’s Bazi may not provide the Destiny one desires, in which case any feng shui enhancements are essentially pointless, simply having the knowledge of how the winds will be blowing in the future can help a person be better equipped to steer his boat in the right direction.

While Bazi represents a person’s destiny, it should be seen as a self-fulfilling prophecy that limits what a person can achieve. Through Bazi, one can learn what hand he is dealt with and with this information, he can play that hand the best way he can, to get the most out of it that he can. Bazi shows a person his limitations but it also shows him all the strengths he possesses in order to take advantage of all the opportunities that also lay ahead of him.

Bazi shows a person’s potential and helps him make more informed decisions so that he can put all his effort into pursuing something that his cards show is meant for him achieve instead of wasting his time doing something that he’s not meant to succeed in. Through Bazi, one can learn what dreams to go after and when to go after them.

Steven Lim is the founder of Kang Li Mineral Kingdom. Steven is passionate about spreading the knowledge of Feng Shui in Singapore. This is done through the publication of 6 books which filled with information and tips.


What Is BaZi?

The Chinese have always been fascinated by the metaphysical subject of Destiny. It is this profound curiosity about man’s path in life, the journey of a person, and the question of who we are, why are we here, and what are we supposed to do during our time on this planet, during our brief existence, that led the Chinese to study and seek methods for analyzing a person’s Destiny. These later evolved to become two systems of Chinese Astrology, known as BaZi (Eight Characters, also known as Four Pillars) and Zi Wei Dou Shu (Purple Star Astrology)

What fascinated the  bazinga  Chinese centuries ago remains one of the endearing and continuing quests of mankind, even to this date: to understand ourselves better, to better ourselves, and to appreciate what makes each unique and individual person, tick. And along the way, maybe figure out why is it that we’ve been put on this planet! Go to a bookstore and you will see a proliferation of books (and these days, tests), all attempting to explain to us, through scientific, psychological, biological, genetic or in some cases, just downright humorous ways, the question of WHO we are. And weighing down the shelves at another section called ‘Self Help’, volumes and tomes attempting to tell people how to improve themselves, beyond what and who they are.

These questions and many more, in fact, can be found through understanding a person’s Destiny Code, or his BaZi.

So what is BaZi?

BaZi is a system of Destiny Analysis, using a person’s birth data, namely, his date and time of birth. By calculating and determining the elements prevailing at the time of a person’s birth, an Eight Character BaZi chart is then derived. This BaZi chart is a sort of Cosmic DNA if you like. A BaZi chart is each and every person’s individual and personal Destiny Code. Within those Eight Characters, contains a comprehensive, arguably complete, collection of information about an individual and his life potential and capacity.

It may sound quite incredible but this is the genius of the Chinese Astrology system. A person’s entire life – pitfalls, trials, tribulations, wealth, status, personality, characteristics, talents, abilities – are all encoded within these eight characters.

The BaZi consultant, who understands what the various codes within the BaZi chart mean, is then able to ascertain what kind of potential or capacity a person has in their life and also, ascertain the person’s luck cycle, meaning, which years he is likely to experience good luck, and which years luck is likely to be less than favourable. In short, by decoding a person’s Destiny Code, a BaZi consultant is able to reveal what is in store for that person in their life, just as medical scientists can ascertain a person’s eye colour, if theirs will be brown and medical illnesses, by analyzing their DNA.

BaZi and Feng Shui: Diagnosis and Prescription

At a professional practice level, BaZi and Feng Shui are essential complimentary disciplines. Just like all doctors have to understand the biology of the body and the chemistry of drugs, all professional Classical Feng Shui consultants will have BaZi or Purple Star Astrology, another Destiny Analysis system, as a complimentary or back-up skill, to be used in tandem with Feng Shui. Some consultants will also use Face Reading or Mian Xiang as a third complimentary discipline and back-up system.

Many people do not realise that it is extremely important that before a person’s house or office is Feng Shui-ed, his BaZi must be taken into consideration. Why is that? Well, before a doctor can write a prescription, he first needs to know what is wrong with the patient right? Before a Feng Shui practitioner deploys his Feng Shui skills, he must first know, what is the problem that he is trying to fix.

Of course, most of you will remember that a few weeks ago, I wrote about how Feng Shui is a goal-orientated science. The client of course, must know what he wish to achieve in using Feng Shui. Sometimes, clients will tell me that they have a certain problem (for example, business relationships are problematic, or they are finding it tough going making headway at work, or the most common problem – not making enough money!). But most of the time, clients are not certain as to what their problem is, or only have a vague idea of what the problem is. Hence, the Feng Shui consultant must check their Destiny Code, before proceeding with the Feng Shui.

Sometimes, the clients know what they want (like that Abba song, Money Money Money) but even in these instances, the Feng Shui consultant must still check the BaZi. Why? This is because Feng Shui is not some kind of cosmic steroids.

If you want to turn into Arnold overnight, steroids might help you. But even then, you have to have the body and physical make up that enables you to get those kinds of muscles. Similarly, if you want to turn into Warren Buffett overnight, Feng Shui can only help you, if you have the Destiny to be a multi-billionaire in the first place. In other words, you must first have, before you can be!

In my Feng Shui classes, I always tell students: to perm hair, you must first have hair. This is in reference to tapping of Qi in the environment. If the environment has no Qi or no good Qi in the first place, no matter how you try to tap into it, no matter what formulas you use, you won’t get superior results. The ‘to perm hair, first you must have hair’ principle also applies to using Feng Shui to enhance Wealth or any other enhancement sought through Feng Shui. If in your BaZi, you are not destined to be a multi-millionaire, or your BaZi does not reveal that potential during certain periods of time, then no amount of Feng Shui enhancement, no super-powerful formula, can make you one.

You must first have, before you can be.

What’s the point in knowing if it’s all bad news?

Some people are against the idea of knowing their destiny and take the view that life should be experienced as is. More often than not, people are against knowing their destiny because they believe that it will be self-fulfilling prophecy and limit them. I have also met people who take the view that they would simply rather not know anything about the future, because they are fearful of knowing what it holds.

It is not all bad news. In life, there is only one certainty, and that is death. So too in BaZi and Feng Shui, there is no such thing as totally bad or totally good. There is no end destination, there are only journeys. Some days the sea is calm, some days it is rough – so in knowing how the winds blow, you can steer your boat the right way.

Similarly, I disagree with the argument that BaZi creates self-fulfilling prophesies, limits people or somehow encourages people to kill their dreams. In the old days, BaZi was used mainly to determine a person’s fate. In other words, the focus was on the hand you would be dealt and just knowing what kind of ‘life’ you would have. Of course, as a society and civilization, we have come a long way from that mentality and also, BaZi consultants approach this discipline in a very different way.

Today, BaZi is not about knowing the hand that you are dealt, although that is part of the goal, but in then playing that hand, as best you can, to the best of the abilities you have. It is about understanding what you can and cannot do, at certain points in time, and taking the right action to improve your life. It is about understanding yourself, and those around you, and then bettering your personal relationships, your opportunities and your life.

BaZi tells you about what your potential in life is so that you can chose to do the right thing and not be disappointed and waste time doing something you have little chance of succeeding in. It tells you when disappointment strikes, when you should throw in the towel WISELY, and when you should continue to fight the good fight. It does not destroy a person’s dream – it tells them, which dreams to chase because that is the one that can become a reality.

Joey Yap is the founder of the Mastery Academy of Chinese Metaphysics, a global organization devoted to the teaching of Feng Shui, BaZi, Face Reading and other Chinese Metaphysics subjects. Courses on what is Bazi can be found on

Find books and learn Feng Shui, Chinese Astrology, Face Reading and many of which have topped the Malaysian and Singaporean MPH bookstores’ bestseller lists. Check out his books here.



User Reviews Reveal Season’s Best Gas Grills

Everybody looks forward to summer because warm weather equals outdoor grilling!

When deciding their next purchase, people often reach out to user reviews to make sure they purchase the absolute best gas grill.

We have done that for you.

The following is a compilation of the three best gas grills of the season.

#1 Weber 586002 Q 320 Portable Outdoor Propane Gas Grill

The Weber 586002 Q 320 Portable Outdoor Propane Gas Grill is ideal for camping, tailgating events and even at home. It is large enough to feed a whole family yet small enough to be portable. The Weber Outdoor propane Gas Grill has a large cooking space that fits up to 36 hot dogs,    grillsay  18 burgers and two chickens on the go. It has a large rack for warming food that keeps cooked foods warm and can be used to heat up buns. The easy to push button for electronic ignition for the portable grill offers an easy to use lighting every time you want to heat up food.

The Q 320 consists of two iron cooking grates that is porcelain-enameled, which distributes heat evenly when cooking food. This solves the problem of foods under cooking or overcooking. The Weber gas grill is durable, made of heavy-duty materials without being heavy. The body of Weber outdoor portable grill is made of sturdy cast-aluminum and has a strong glass reinforced with nylon frame. This makes the grill strong and sturdy while keeping it as much lightweight as possible. The tall profile of the Weber portable outdoor grill makes it convenient for cooking tall and bulky items such as whole chickens. For extra workspace, the double removable folding work table with tool hooks holds your utensils, spices, bowls and plates in place.

Weber 586002 Q 320 Portable Outdoor Propane Gas Grill Reviews

A customer liked the Weber Q 320 portable outdoor propane gas grill because of its cast iron grill and great cooking platform. The after sales service was enormously appreciated by one customer who wanted to do a replacement for the corroded and degraded parts after long usage of the grill. A woman said the Weber Q 320 grill cooks up faster although it is only 21700 BTU. She said the grill does a good roasting with the burners turned down. She finally gave her advice to those looking for a grill for the 1st time to try out the Q 320, if looking for replacement grill still to try out the Q320, if looking for a grill at $359.01 to go for the Q320.

The setback for this grill is it rusts and corrodes after some time of usage but is durable. Many customers agree the Weber Q320 is the most solid grill they have ever owned. They say it is easy to assemble in less time. On the many reviews made by customers, they strongly agree it cooks steaks evenly producing a fantastic tasting pie. It’s just so easy to see why the Weber Q320 is one of the best gas grills of 2011!

#2 Coleman 9941-768 Road Trip Grill (Blue)

The Coleman 9941-768 Road Trip grill is a genuine open flame grill that is compact enough to be transported easily and stored. The Coleman road trip grill has a powerful 20,000 BTU burner, which can be fully adjusted, and supports variety of cooking mix and match surfaces. The Coleman road trip grill supports a pancake griddle, stove for water heating and drip-through grill. The 20,000 BTU burner is so powerful to be used in cold weather environs and areas of high altitude. The collapsible frame feature holds the grill at a standard cooking level when in open position.

The two detachable side tables on the Coleman road trip grill provide space for cooking and grilling activities. The storage hooks are useful for storing cooking utensils. The grill is used on tabletops when removed from the sturdy stand. The Coleman road trip grill use is dependable when camping, tailgating, and travelling because its durable not wear out after one season of use. The sturdy construction of the grill makes it withstand drizzly and windy conditions while at the same time it cooks hot dogs and burgers quickly and evenly.

Coleman 9941-768 Road Trip Grill (Blue) reviews

A certain family likes to go out camping in summer and do some tailgating during spring and fall. When they were looking for a good portable grill for these occasions, they chose the Coleman 9941-768 Road Trip Grill (Blue) because it could withstand wear and tear. The family says the grill was large enough to cook foods for the whole family. The Coleman road trip grill was easy to transport around because it is lightweight. The family says they liked the electric starter that heats up the grill quickly. The uniqueness of the Coleman 9941-768 Road Trip Grill comes from standard grill and griddle. The family used the grill for scrambling pancakes, eggs, bacon, and cheese. The family says it sometimes cooked fish on the grill.

A certain couple decided to purchase the Coleman road trip grill after previously having bad experiences with a certain grill. They decided on the Coleman road trip grill because of the great reviews it was receiving in Amazon and other such sites. The couple says the burner was very easy to clean up. They could place the grill on the picnic table or just on its fold down legs when cooking on it. They said the grill best cooks grilled onions, pork chops, chicken, and potatoes.

#3 Paul Jr. Designs Coleman Road Trip Grill

The Paul Jr. Designs Coleman Road Trip Grill comes out unique because its portable, easier to transport and quicker to set up for use at campsites, tailgate parties and other outdoor places of fun, friends get-togethers and places of cooking food. The Paul Jr. road trip grill has two powerful burners, which can be adjusted. The electronic ignition helps in fast start-ups when you start cooking. The Paul Jr. Coleman road trip grill has an open frame grilling system. The X-shaped chassis on the road trip grill is wheeled for easy maneuvering in collapsed-for-transport position and upright position. The set up of the Paul Jr grill is easy and is very stable when cooking because its scissor like legs are made simple together with its frame design.

The Paul Jr. road trip grill has two side tables integrated in to the unit for suitability of cooking and grilling duties. When you want to pack off the grill when moving or storing it; the side tables are easily retractable under the unit in a moment’s time. The unit is steady and secure; you can tow it from the vehicle and back in because the road trip grill is affixed to the stand with the lid having a locking mechanism. In order to use the Paul Jr. road trip grill, it must be completely assembled. The highest score for Paul Jr. road trip grill comes from its design, it is easily set up when traveling and has excellent stability when cooking on it. Even when collapsed, it is easy moving it around because of its frame design and scissor like legs. When traveling on road trips, the Paul Jr. grill fits perfectly well into most cars because it can be folded into a compact size.

Paul Jr. Designs Coleman Road Trip Grill Reviews

A client who bought the Paul Jr. road trip grill says she liked the product because of its better quality parts that included chrome knobs, better wheels, pull out side plates, nice temperature gauge and chrome hooks. Another customer was very disappointed on the first buy because hardly hard she started using it when it produced a popcorn popping sound. The customer service people served her right though without hassle and she got her back order successfully.

A certain user liked the folding out and folding in feature of the Paul Jr. road trip grill. He says this feature on the Paul Jr. grill is very much better compared to other portable grill he has come across. He recommended the grill perfect for camping, tailgating, picnics, and car tents among others. The grill looks better with the chrome and black finish.


Overall you will need to see what gas grill fits your cooking needs.

What if you just can not make a decision on which grill to purchase?

I know that it can be tough to make a purchase online when you have not even seen the product. That is why I have written several reviews on



Mouth Washes: Bad Breath Solutions?

The moment I could smell an unpleasant scent coming from my mouth, I would grab a bottle of Listerine or Astring-o-sol to get rid of my bad smell. This usually happens after eating one of my favorite foods: garlic bread. The best bad breath solutions that come to my mind are mouthwashes. The stronger the better!

Besides mouthwashes, there are other various solutions for bad smell such as chewing on herbs and spices, brushing and flossing of your teeth, cleaning the tongue, chewing gum and many more. In other words, maintaining a good oral hygiene contributes to a sweet smelling breath.

However, the popular bad breath solutions which are often misconstrued to be ineffective solutions are mouthwashes. Recent studies show that mouthwashes temporarily mask bad breath for about 10 minutes after brushing.

This is true to mouthwashes containing alcohol.  astrazion  More often, these types of mouthwashes can worsen bad smell condition since it has the tendency to dry the mouth which can be the best breeding ground for oral bacteria.

However, there are new products of mouthwashes that contain certain ingredients that are powerful enough to kill odor-causing bacteria.

There are four types of mouthwashes that effectively cure bad smell. Together with a good oral hygiene practice like regular tooth brushing and flossing, these can be your best solution to bad smell.

Mouthwashes containing chlorine dioxide or sodium chlorite can treat bad. The oxidizing agent and the ability to neutralize volatile sulfur compounds reduce the growth of bacteria in the mouth resulting to a pleasant smelling breath.

Look for mouthwashes with zinc ingredient. Research suggested that mouthwash products with zinc ions reduce the concentration of volatile sulfur compounds in the mouth which causes bad smell.

Popular mouthwashes like Listerine are considered antiseptic mouthwashes. Its effectiveness is related to its ability to kill anaerobic oral bacteria that produce volatile sulfur compounds. Some experts, however, tend to disagree on antiseptic mouthwashes as the best solution for treating bad breath. It is because antiseptic mouthwashes may contain alcohol which causes the mouth to dry.

The last types of mouthwashes you should look for should contain cetlyperadium chloride. This component in mouthwashes has antibacterial properties which help control the growth of anaerobic bacteria in the mouth.

Mouthwashes should be spitted out after gargling. Do not give children mouthwashes for they have the tendency to swallow them. Using the right kind of mouthwashes can be very effective bad breath solutions.

Carl Demetria, M.D. has been helping people win the war against bad breath for over 5 years now and he loves sharing his passion with others. Discover more secrets and professional tips about bad breath solutions

Looking for french love phrases and unique ideas for expressing romance?

I love you in french (je t’aime) are words you are probably already familiar with. So what other french love phrases could you use (that are a bit more original?)

For something short and sweet, you could try:


  • amour de ma vie (love of my life)
  • je t’aime de tout mon coeur (I love you with all my heart); or
  • a toi, pour toujours (yours forever).


Mon cher (referring to guy), ma chère (referring to girl) means my dear; there are some very cute ones too, like ma cocotte (which literally means my hen, but roughly translated is darling, honey, or babe .

Other charming ways to speak to your sweetie is by calling them mon chou (my pastry) or ma puce (my flea).

But maybe you’re looking for something that goes much deeper than this (after all…love can be complicated!) French love quotes and french love poems are great sources of inspiration.

You could take french love quotes from famous writers, movies or songs, for example.

Take this one by french romantic novelist George Sand:

Il n’y a qu’un bonheur dans la vie, c’est d’aimer et d’être aimé.

There is only one happiness in life, to love and be loved.

Or try quoting from Edith Piaf, popular in the 1940s and 1950s for her love songs, such as “La Vie en Rose” (Life through rose coloured glasses:)

Some of the earliest of all known art (pre-historic cave and rock art) features wildlife. However, it might be more properly regarded as art about food, rather than art about wildlife as such.

Then for a lot of the rest of the history of art in the western world, art depicting wildlife was mostly absent, due to the fact that art during this period was mostly dominated by narrow perspectives on reality, such as religions. It is only more recently, as society, and the art it produces, frees itself from such narrow world-views, that wildlife art flourishes.

Wildlife is also a difficult subject for the artist, as it is difficult to find and even more difficult to find keeping still in a pose, long enough to even sketch, let alone paint. Recent advances such as photography have made this far easier, as well as being artforms in their own right. Wildlife art is thus now far easier to accomplish both accurately and aesthetically.

In art from outside the western world, wild animals and birds have been portrayed much more frequently throughout history.

Art about wild animals began as a depiction of vital food-sources, in pre-history. At the beginnings of history the western world seems to have shut itself off from the natural world for long periods, and this is reflected in the lack of wildlife art throughout most of art history. More recently, societies, and the art it produces, have become much more broad-minded. Wildlife has become something to marvel at as new areas of the world were explored for the first time, something to hunt for pleasure, to admire aesthetically, and to conserve. These interests are reflected in the wildlife art produced.